Gluten Free Pate Choux 1

Gluten Free Pate a Choux Recipe

Gluten Free Pate a Choux Recipe

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If there is one thing I want people to take away after visiting this site, it is that fabulous gluten-free food is not just possible, it can be an everyday reality.

I was making my gluten-free cream puffs with a friend, Ashley, the other day. Ashley is a trained pastry chef who actually worked for Wolfgang Puck at Spago. To say I was a little intimidated is an understatement. I am not a pastry chef. I never went to culinary school. I only took one semester of Home-Ec in high school and to be honest I don’t think I earned a very good grade. Everything I know about cooking and baking I have learned by trial and error; real life education, having to feed myself and my family. But does that make my knowledge any less valuable? I don’t think so and I guess neither does Ashley as she told me that my cream puffs were the best she had tasted, gluten-free or not! And I have to agree. Something about the lack of gluten makes the pastry for cream puffs so light and ethereal.

Cooking and baking well (gluten-free or not) is all about learning a few basics, recipes that can be mastered and used in a variety of ways.  Pate a choux is a baking basic, it is the base for cream puffs, éclairs and all sorts of other treats, sweet or savory.

Here is a step by step of how to do it.

Note that for the flour you can use a pastry quality gluten-free flour blend.

Dairy free? No problem, here is a  recipe for gluten and dairy free cream puffs. The basics for the dough are the same.

Gluten Free Pate Choux
Get all the ingredients gathered up; flour, water, eggs, butter and salt.

Gluten Free Pate Choux Recipe Image
Crack the eggs into a measuring cup or spouted pitcher.

Gluten Free Pate Choux
Heat the water, butter and salt in a heavy saucepan until it comes to a simmer.

Gluten Free Pate Choux
As soon as the butter and water mixture comes to a simmer, dump in the flour all at once.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Stir vigorously.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Keep stirring over the heat until the ingredients come together in a thick dough, it will take about a minute or two.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Put the dough into a mixer (or use a handheld mixer) and mix on medium speed for about 30 seconds until the dough cools a little.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Add the eggs, one at a time, making sure each egg is fully incorporated before adding the next.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Mix on medium-high speed until the mixture becomes a thick, sticky cohesive dough, two to three minutes after the last egg is added.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Like this.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Line baking sheets with silicone baking mats (preferred) or parchment paper.  You can pipe the dough into mounds or logs if you are good at piping.  I am not good at piping so I use ice cream scoops.  Select a size of ice cream scoop that fits your needs, big for individual desserts, smaller for bite sized.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Dip the ice cream scoop in water and scoop out the dough spacing about 1 inch or so apart.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Bake in a pre-heated oven (425 degrees) for 10 minutes. Reduce oven temperature to 350 and cook another 30 -35  depending on the size.  They should be risen and golden brown.  Turn off the oven and let them sit in the oven for another 20 minutes.  They should sound hollow when tapped on the bottom and feel light.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Pierce the side of each puff with a sharp knife to let any steam out.  Let cool on a wire rack.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

Pate choux is such a versatile recipe, you can add finely grated cheese into the dough before baking for cheese puffs, split and fill with pastry cream for cream puffs, fill with ice cream and top with chocolate sauce for profiteroles.  They can also be served with some jam for breakfast or a savory filling for appetizers; the possibilities are almost endless.

Gluten Free Pate Choux

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Gluten Free Pate a Choux Recipe

Ingredients

1 cup water
1 stick butter (1/2 cup)
1 pinch kosher or fine sea salt
1 cup pastry quality gluten-free flour
4 large eggs

Directions

Assemble ingredients before starting. Break the eggs into a liquid measuring cup or spouted pitcher. Preheat oven to 425 degrees. Line 2 baking sheets with silicone baking mats or parchment paper.

Place the water, butter and salt in a heavy saucepan over medium-high heat. Bring to a simmer. Add the flour all at once and stir with a wooden spoon until it forms a thick dough. Continue to cook while stirring for about 1 minute.

Dump the dough into the bowl of an electric mixer preferably fitted with a paddle attachment. Mix on low speed for 30 seconds to cool the dough slightly. Add the eggs, one at a time, mixing well after each addition. After all the eggs have been added continue to mix, increasing the speed to medium-high, until the dough is smooth, thick and shiny, about 2 or 3 minutes.

Pipe the dough onto the prepared baking sheets in mounds or logs or use an ice cream scoop to scoop out the batter, spacing about 1 inch apart. If piping, moisten a finger with water and res down the peaks so they don’t burn.

Bake for 10 minutes, turn the oven temperature down to 350 and bake for another 30 – 35  minutes depending on the size, or until the dough has risen and is golden brown and the cream puff has a hollow sound when tapped on the bottom. Turn off the oven and leave the puffs in the oven for 20 minutes. Remove from the oven and pierce the side of each puff with a sharp knife to let the steam escape. Let cool.

Servings

This Gluten Free Pate a Choux recipe makes 24 (1-inch) cream puffs
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The views and opinions expressed on this blog are purely the blog owner’s. This blog accepts free manufacturers’ samples and forms of cash advertising, sponsorship, paid insertions or other forms of compensation. Affiliate links may be included in this post.

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Disclaimer: All nutrition facts on Simply Gluten Free are meant only as a guide and may differ depending on product brands used or ingredient substitutions. Some errors may occur, so you are encouraged to confirm the recipe’s ingredient and nutrition suitability for your own diet.
Have you tried this recipe? Give it a star rating and let us know your thoughts in the Ratings & Reviews section below.
Tags: Celiac Cream Puffs Dairy Free Eclairs Gluten-Free Gluten-Free Recipes Pate a Choux
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  1. May 17, 2011

    Gorgeous!!! I’ve made four attempts of pâte à choux this week and have yet to achieve a really good version – I will have to try yours!

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thanks Jenn! Good luck :)

      1. May 29, 2011

        Haha I’ve tried 7 different types of gougères lol. I used your ingredient ratio using sweet rice flour today, and sadly they did not puff really at all – when I scooped them onto the pan they spread out flat very quickly…. can I ask what prepackaged GF mix you used or were the ones in your photos from using the sweet rice flour?? Or I’m wondering if maybe I didn’t beat them long enough…. pâte à choux remains a mystery to me! Until I get them to work I will just admire yours in awe :)

        1. May 29, 2011

          Hi Jenn, I used my own flour but I have made them in the past very successfully with just sweet rice flour – in fact the photos for th epost I did on dairy free cream puff was with just sweet rice flour. Hmm, I am thinking that you are not beating each egg in well enough before adding the next and then not beating enough after the finall addition. Did you use an electric mixer?

          1. Annie
            February 4, 2017

            I made these this afternoon using the sweet rice flour and they are pretty underwhelming. The batter was incredibly goopy and hard to handle, there was butter weeping out of it. I added an extra tablespoon of rice flour, but it was still weeping. They spread on the tray and the flavor is very very blah, even with sweetened cream.

            I’m taking a pavlova tomorrow instead.

          2. Carol Kicinski
            March 2, 2017

            Hi Annie,
            It works better with all purpose gluten free flour and it sounds like maybe the eggs weren’t beaten in properly …
            xo,
            Carol

        2. May 11, 2013

          Maybe her batch was too wet. Maybe try adding the egg more slowly next time and do’t be afraid to hold some back. A batch I made last week (I made multiple batches) was too egg heavy and they did not puff. When we scoop “flour” sometime we get more and sometimes we get less, sot he recipe can get out of balance. Hope this helps.

  2. Brenda Gutierrez
    May 17, 2011

    They look great!! Can I use your flour blend from your cookbook in this recipe??

    1. May 18, 2011

      Yes Brenda, that’s what I use!

  3. May 17, 2011

    oh wow – how wonderful! I have printed this recipe and cant wait to try my hand at using them to make profiteroles!

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thanks Lisa, I am sure it will be wonderful!

  4. Your recipe is great.
    You can use a pastry bag to make the choux .It’s more easy

    I posted on my blog a recipe for gluten-free Chouquette. I use brown rice flour and the result is also good.
    http://www.lafaimdesdelices.fr/pates-de-base/recette-de-pate-a-choux-sans-gluten-et-chouquettes/

    1. May 18, 2011

      Hi Laurent I am pastry bag challanged so I use ice cream scoops, for me it is easier. If it is easier to use a pastry bag for others then go for it! Eaither way they are lovely.

  5. May 18, 2011

    Carol, I make these whenever I have parties. I just call them puffs. ;-) They are so easy. I don’t even use my KitchenAid. I just use a wooden spoon. They always impress and delight! Great tutorial with wonderful photos, my dear!

    xo,
    Shirley

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thanks Shirley – I am lazy so I use the mixer :) Yes, they always impress!

      1. Stephanie
        August 17, 2019

        Where can I find your flour recipe? Just found out a good friend has siliacs (sp) she said the only thing she would “die for, or kill for before treatment if she were to become poisoned” would be a cream puff! I HAVE to figure out how to make her some! She has always loved my lemon bars, thought I could fill them with the lemon curd I use on my bars.

        1. Carol Kicinski
          August 19, 2019

          Hi Stephanie,

          That’s so sweet of you to make your friend some treats!

          Here’s a link to the flour recipe: https://simplygluten-free.com/blog/2014/09/carols-gluten-free-flour-blend.html
          You can also buy my all-purpose flour blend here: https://simplygluten-free.com/carols-all-purpose-flour

          Hope your friend enjoys the cream puffs!

          xo,
          Carol

    2. Annie
      February 4, 2017

      Normal choux is easily made with a wooden spoon. This is impossible without a blender (although it climbs the beaters, which is really annoying).

      1. Carol Kicinski
        March 2, 2017

        Annie,
        Maybe, I just don’t have the patience to beat with a wooden spoon so I use my mixer. haha
        xo,
        Carol

  6. May 18, 2011

    Great minds think alike, I have a post on these planned soon too! When I had to make these at culinary school, we had to do them by hand without the mixer and it was HARD work! Yours look lovely and yummy!

    1. May 18, 2011

      That’s why I didn’t attempt choux for so many years! It just looked like to much work.

  7. wow! those look fantastic.

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thank you Becky!

  8. May 18, 2011

    Wow!!! I will making these for sure!

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thanks Cassidy!

  9. Melissa
    May 18, 2011

    I cannot wait to make these! I plan to fill mine with lemon custard.

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thanks Melissa – yum! Lemon custard sounds soooo good!

  10. May 18, 2011

    Thanks so much for the recipe and showing us how it’s done, looks so easy! Just in time too, since I was having a craving for cream puffs after looking at my friends homemade gluten-full version :)

    1. May 19, 2011

      Well good, now you can make your own – gluten free!

  11. May 18, 2011

    Carol – I love how your present pate a choux: beautiful, simple, and extremely versatile! I make mine with all sweet rice flour. No gums needed with all of the amylopectin gellatinized in the cooking process. It gets amazingly elastic. This month, for the GFreeRally, I’m hosting pate a choux. Looking forward to all the amazing goodies everyone comes up with. Now I have to figure out what I’m making…. churros y chocolate, hazelnut moussline filled puffs, goat cheese & herbs mousse filled gourgeres,……

    1. May 18, 2011

      Thanks Erin. I often just use sweet rice flour too – it works perfectly well! I can’t wait to see what you all come up with this month. Your comment is making me salivate!

  12. Forever I thought that these were so so complicated. Your tutorial makes it seem that these are so easy! I will totally be making these. What a fun treat! And I love that you use your ice-cream scoop. I, too, am pastry bag challenged, much to the TOTAL chagrin of my mother who seems to be a complete expert at it.

    1. May 19, 2011

      Seriously Kim, I think we are twins seperated at birth – except by many years (me older than you, not the other way).

      xo,
      c

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  14. Amazing!!!! I am so excited to try these. :)

  15. May 22, 2011

    WOW. That’s all I have to say :-) xoxo

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  18. Elaine
    June 1, 2011

    So easy and the kids loved them. I actually used this to make pigs in a blanket (pre GF – sausage stuck inside croissant dough). The kids have been requesting them so I experimented by making this dough and just sticking the mini sausage inside. It wasn’t quite the same as before, but close enough. My oldest ate 7 of them at one time!

    1. June 1, 2011

      What a great idea! Thanks for sharing.

  19. Barbara Estabrooks
    June 15, 2011

    How do I adjust the gluten free pate a choux for altitude of 6,500 ft.?

  20. Kavitha
    December 6, 2011

    Crunchy looking recipe. My daughter is allergic to wheat, milk and egg, can u suggest a substitute for eggs in ur recipes.
    Terribly would love to try the recipes in ur website.

    1. December 6, 2011

      For most recipes you can make an egg substitute with 1 tablespoon of flaxseed meal or chia seeds stirred into warm water and let sit for 5 minutes to gel up. This works fine for most recipes when there are 2 or less eggs. I am not sure how to substitute for this particular recipe.

  21. Jenny
    February 10, 2012

    I realise this is quite an old blog post now but I just wanted to say how amazing this recipe is! My boyfriend has been pestering me for the last year to make gluten free eclairs for him, branching out from my usual sponge cakes and things.
    I’ve tried several times but it has never risen, he has happily eaten up my little rock solid sticks of attempted choux but today they have puffed up. In fact, they are HUGE!! I can’t wait to let him try them when he gets in.
    I received a lovely new mixer, just like yours in the pictures, for Christmas and I wonder how much the mixing power has helped but I am so impressed!

    1. Carol Kicinski
      February 11, 2012

      Whay a good boyfriend you have :) YAY – I am so happy for both of you. I think that mixing pwer is certainly part of it – you are incorpoating air into dough so more power = more air!

    2. Shannon Lim
      July 12, 2013

      I also have the same problem, I made 2 batches (using hand muscles) with sweet rice flour with cheese, both times never puffed up, but they were gone in minutes! I use soft cheese, and the batter was kinda watery (compared to wheat flour batter), so I thought the soft cheese is too wet for the batter. I will try with a mixer next time.
      Thanks for sharing this amazing recipe!

      1. CarolKicinski
        July 16, 2013

        I have never made this recipe without using the mixer – you really have to beat it well! Better luck next time.

  22. Alison
    January 13, 2013

    I am new to GF baking. I have had a few successes and a equal number of hilarious failures. I love choux pastry so I am excite to try your recipe with my GF flour blend. I didn’t see any gum added to the recipe. is gum needed?

    1. Carol Kicinski
      January 14, 2013

      Hi Alison, I know what you mean! No if you use sweet rice flour, you don’t need to add any gums. If you use an all-purpose gluten free flour blend that has xanthan or guar gum already in it, that’s ok too. Enjoy!

  23. Kimbelry
    February 18, 2013

    I’m new to the GF world and so far I have used many of your recipes and even subscribed to your magazine which I love! I would love to try this recipe this weekend to practice with but you mentioned that you could make a savory filling for it I believe. Do you have anything in particular? I would love to showcase these at baby shower that I’m hosting in March but I’m looking for something along the savory side because I already have so many sweets planned.

    Thanks,
    Kimberly

    1. Carol Kicinski
      February 19, 2013

      Hi Kimberly, thanks so much for your kind words! I serve this often with Teriyaki Mushroom Pate, I love it! Here’s the link to the recipe.

  24. Lisamarie
    March 25, 2013

    I can’t believe I made gluten free chocolate and butterscotch eclairs with this recipe…this recipe is now kitchen tested, taste and stomach tested. I will rate this recipe 6/5 stars.. Awesome…

    1. Carol Kicinski
      March 25, 2013

      Wow! I wish I was at your house!!! Thanks and I am so happy you liked the recipe.

  25. Donna
    March 27, 2013

    Would this recipe work with coconut or chick pea flour?

    1. Carol Kicinski
      March 29, 2013

      Hi Donna, coconut flour absorbs a whole lot more liquid so I do not recomend it at all. You can probably use chick pea flour. I have not tried it but see no reason it wouldn’t work.

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  27. August 23, 2014

    My spouse and I stumbled over here different website and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward
    to looking over your web page for a second time.

    1. Carol Kicinski
      August 28, 2014

      Hello,
      Yay! I’m happy to hear you enjoy it!
      xo,
      Carol

      1. Stephanie
        October 25, 2019

        Would I be able to replace the regular butter with equal parts dairy-free butter?

        1. Carol Kicinski
          October 28, 2019

          Hi Stephanie,
          If you use the dairy-free buttery sticks then yes, it should work with that. I also have a recipe for dairy-free cream puffs, if you want to take a look at that too: https://simplygluten-free.com/blog/2010/01/gluten-free-dairy-free-cream-puffs.html

  28. Claire
    February 7, 2015

    I just made them today and realized that I should have baked them a little longer. The insides are a little gummy. However, they will be filled with egg salad, so it should not be an issue. As I incorporated the flour into the hot water and butter mixture, I noticed that the butter would separate out. Is this normal? I only used sweet rice flour. Never saw that with wheat flour. They really flattened out before baking. I beat the heck out of them when I added the eggs one at a time. I will try again and be a little heavier handed with the flour. I may not have measured out enough flour as I went by weight. They are tasty and will make for a different type of sandwich for tomorrow’s potluck lunch.

    1. Carol Kicinski
      March 9, 2015

      Hi Clarie,

      The butter can separate out, but all you need to do is stir the mixture well with the flour, and the ingredients will come together no problem.
      Make sure that you add the eggs one at a time, and fluff the dough enough, best with an electric mixer.
      And I’m so glad you like them Claire! :)

      Best of luck!!

      xo,
      Carol

  29. Susan
    June 7, 2015

    I’m on a grain free diet with no dairy (I can eat eggs though)… do you think I could make these with coconut oil and a flour made from half coconut flour and half plantain flour? That combo of flours works nicely for flatbreads, muffins, pancakes, and the like.

    1. Carol Kicinski
      July 24, 2015

      Hi Susuan,
      No unfortunately, coconut flour is not really interchangeable because the quality is so much different than regular all purpose flour. There’s a cookbook called Paleo Patisserie by Jenni Hulet, she has a recipe in there using almond flour, shes kind of perfected the grain free thing, I would check her blog http://urbanposer.blogspot.com/ xo, Carol

  30. Laura
    June 21, 2015

    My hand mixer had this dough flying all across the room. I am so glad my husband was not in the kitchen to see that! O_o. Even the cat was like, whoa! Anyways they puffed beautifully and I can not wait to try these! Also a stand mixer is now on my wish list.

    1. Carol Kicinski
      June 24, 2015

      haha Laura! I’m happy to hear the turned out well. xo, Carol

  31. Julie
    September 2, 2015

    I have one awesome tip for anyone who tries to make these and -like me- ends up with their puffs trying to hold hands while baking, resulting in blobby-looking patties instead of tidy little puffs: Mini muffin tins. I have had amazing success every time after I started using mini muffin tins. Perfect little puffs every time! You do it just like you would with making cupcakes; don’t fill the tin to or over the top, just a simple little dollop at the bottom of each tin.

    These are a beautiful little dessert! I’ve three people in my life who are celiac, so I love having recipes on hand so that I can have something for them when they visit :) There’s SO many things you can do with these, it’s quite exciting and overwhelming at the same time. Thank you so much for sharing this recipe!

    1. Cindy
      February 5, 2017

      Julie, did you butter the tin or what? I mad a half batch, for the first time, to see how they would turn out. I followed the recipe to the letter and had a thick batter, not dough. Tried baking 2 of them. They flattened right out. They puffed up with baking, sort of like a biscuit, but as they sit in the oven are un-puffing! Your idea seems good, just not sure since the baking sheet was to be lined with parchment paper.

      1. Carol Kicinski
        March 2, 2017

        Cindy,
        I don’t butter the pan. I use parchment paper or a silicone baking mat. Also, it’s really important to take your time when beating those eggs. Flour and humidity could possibly make a difference, too.
        xo, Carol

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  33. barbara
    December 23, 2015

    Did anyone test this recipe before it was posted. When I added the flour to the water it was the consistency of white sauce. It never came together even with an additional cup of flour. I ended up using an extra cup of flour and the whisk attachment of my standing mixer and it was still the texture of thin cake batter. Since the oven was hot and the ingredients already wasted, I put them in cupcake papers in a muffin tin. I’ll let you know how that worked out.

    1. Carol Kicinski
      February 10, 2016

      Barbara,
      Yes every recipe is tested before it gets posted here. In fact the photos in this post show exactly how it was made, step-by-step. What kind of flour did you use? Perhaps that made a difference…
      xo,
      Carol

  34. Biljana
    January 15, 2016

    Hi Carole, just made this recipe and they turned out perfect, nice and hollow in the center. I only made half of the batch into puffs and the other half into Tulumbi (Macedonian dessert – frying the puffs dough in oil then dipping them in home made sugar syrup. They turned out almost as good as the original, had a nice hard finish that I couldn’t achieve previous. ) Thanks for the recipe ☺

    1. Carol Kicinski
      January 18, 2016

      Wow Biljana! That sounds fabulous! I’m happy you enjoyed them :)
      xo, Carol

  35. Frankie
    February 29, 2016

    This turns out very well. I sifted my gluten free flour just to make sure it was desert quality. Just follow directions to the dot.

  36. Janice Pelster
    May 9, 2016

    Great recipe, they turned out perfect, thank you

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  38. Doris K
    August 2, 2016

    Just came across a recipe that could be used with the gluten free pate choux over at cinnamon and toast. She has a recipe for Baked Honey Crullers. Her recipe uses a regular pate choux so just using this one should work nicely. Here’s the link http://cinnamonandtoast.com/baked-honey-crullers/

  39. Denise S
    August 5, 2016

    Yes! this worked. The first batch I tried with a different recipe and I didn’t put the eggs in one at a time. Wish I could post a pix of the two. These look beautiful. I did sift the flour like Frankie above.

  40. Pauline
    August 28, 2016

    After years of trying to get a decent GF puff ,this recipe is fantastic.It worked perfectly. I used a commercial GF flour readily available here in Australia. I doubt anyone could tell the difference in this gF one to a wheat flour one they turned out so well.

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  42. Cindy
    February 5, 2017

    I have been reading cream puff recipes all morning and am determined to make some! Your recipe links pretty amazing. I wonder what makes the puff? Some recipes had baking powder…

    1. Carol Kicinski
      March 2, 2017

      Hi Cindy,
      It’s the steam that makes it puff. Ive never used baking powder in mine.
      xo,
      Carol

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  44. Linda
    April 25, 2017

    First time making, and they turned out great…never thought it would be so easy! Did it with a hand mixer, and the dough kept climbing, so I just held a wooden spoon between the mixer and the…thingies…so, as you can see, I am no professional baker, lol, but wow, these sure impressed everyone!

  45. Jaron
    April 27, 2017

    This is a very good recipe, it worked fine for me. I made the pastry for some eclairs, delicious!

  46. Jessica
    April 30, 2017

    I’m surprised so many people had trouble with this. I used the flour blend from Costco and they puffed up perfectly, no butter seeping or anything laying out flat like other are saying.

    I made some savory ones with cheese and filled the rest with whipped cream. Thanks so much for sharing this simple recipe!!!

    1. Carol Kicinski
      May 1, 2017

      That’s great Jessica!
      xo,
      Carol

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  48. Rose
    April 21, 2019

    Carol, Thanks for an amazing recipe. I am a very average baker and wanted to try out something simple yet impressive for a house party. And oh boy, did they turn out good!! I had to hold myself back from eating them before my guests arrived.LOL.

    1. Carol Kicinski
      April 22, 2019

      That’s wonderful! I’m so glad you enjoyed them :)
      xo,
      Carol

  49. Pauline
    September 8, 2019

    Just out the oven & I am amazed at how much ‘puff’ these have, they are light, and airy, now to wait until they cool to make dessert with them. I used a plain flour (White Wings) which is available here in Australia.

  50. Osama
    October 16, 2019

    What is the mix of gluten-free flour?

    1. Carol Kicinski
      October 16, 2019

      I used my own gluten-free flour blend: https://simplygluten-free.com/carols-all-purpose-flour but you can use any good-quality gluten-free all-purpose flour blend (that contains xanthan gum).

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